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清代的服饰Costumes of the [ Qing Dynasty ]中国传统服饰(2)

时间:2017-06-18 21:06来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
皇帝朝冠 皇帝朝冠分为冬朝冠和夏朝冠两种。冬朝冠冠体为圆顶呈斜坡状,冠周围有一道上仰的檐边。用薰貂或黑狐毛皮制作,顶上加金缧丝镂空金云龙

    皇帝朝冠

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    皇帝朝冠分为冬朝冠和夏朝冠两种。冬朝冠冠体为圆顶呈斜坡状,冠周围有一道上仰的檐边。用薰貂或黑狐毛皮制作,顶上加金缧丝镂空金云龙嵌东珠宝顶,宝顶分为三层,底层为底座,有正龙4条,中间饰有东珠4颗;第二、三两层各有升龙4条,各饰东珠4颗;每层间各贯东珠一颗;共饰东珠15颗。顶部再嵌大东珠一颗。夏朝冠冠形作圆锥状,下檐外敞呈双层喇叭状。用玉草或藤丝、竹丝作成,外面裱以罗,以红纱或红织金为里,在两层喇叭口上镶织金边饰;内层安帽圈,圈上缀带。冠前缀镂空金佛,金佛周围饰东珠15颗,冠后缀东珠7颗。冠顶再加镂空云龙嵌大东珠金宝顶,宝顶形式与冬朝冠相同。
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Emperor’s court crown
 
      EmperorÕs court crowns fall into two categories: winter and summer crowns.
 
      The appearance of winter court crown is a slope-shaped round top edged with an upward brim. It is made of fur or black fox skin topped with jewel crown including golden screws carved golden dragons and clouds and embedded with oriental jewels. The jewel top is divided into three tiers: the bottom is a base decorated with 4 front dragons around 4 oriental pearls; the second and third tiers was decorated with  4  rising  dragons  around  four  oriental  pearls respectively;  while  each  tiers  has  one  oriental  pearl connected. The jewel top decorated with 15 oriental pearls in total while a big oriental pearl was embedded on the top.

      The summer court crown is in circular cone shape with two-tier trumpets at the lower brim. The hat was woven from jade grass, rattan or bamboo filigrees papered with the silk gauge while taking red gauze or red woven gold as lining; on the mouth of two trumpets were edged with golden brim. The inside tier of the cap fixed a cap ring studded with ribbons. The cap front was embellished with the hollowed-out golden Buddha surround by 15 oriental pearls while the cap back was decorated with 7 oriental pearls. The crown was also topped with golden jewel top composing hollowed-out dragon in clouds and embellished with a big oriental pearl. The shape of the jewel top is similar to that of winter court crown.
 

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清皇帝冬朝冠 dedecms.com

 The  winter  ceremonial  hat  worn  by  the emperors of the Qing Dynasty dedecms.com

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清高宗夏朝冠(台北故宫博物院藏)

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The summer ceremonial hat worn by Emperor Gao Zong of the Qing Dynasty (Palace Museum, Taipei)
 

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清高宗夏朝冠冠顶 织梦内容管理系统

(台北故宫博物院藏)

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The top of the summer ceremonial hat worn by Emperor Gao Zong of the Qing Dynasty (Palace Museum, Taipei)

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