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清代的服饰Costumes of the [ Qing Dynasty ]中国传统服饰(4)

时间:2017-06-18 21:06来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
清乾隆帝慧贤皇贵妃冬朝服像(北京故宫博物院藏) The Portrait of a concubine of Emperor Qianlong (Palace Museum, Beijing) 皇后朝冠 冬朝冠用薰貂制作,冠体为圆顶呈半

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清乾隆帝慧贤皇贵妃冬朝服像(北京故宫博物院藏) 本文来自织梦

The Portrait of a concubine of Emperor Qianlong (Palace Museum, Beijing)

    皇后朝冠 织梦好,好织梦

    冬朝冠用薰貂制作,冠体为圆顶呈半圆坡状,上缀朱纬,周围有一道冠檐。冠顶呈宝塔形,分三层,每层贯东珠各一颗,每层冠都有金凤,上饰东珠各3颗,珍珠各17颗,上衔一颗大东珠。朱纬上周缀七只金凤凰,每只凤凰身上饰东珠9颗,猫睛石一颗,每只凤凰的凤尾装饰珍珠21颗。冠后饰金翟(雉鸟),翟鸟下垂珠结,由五行珍珠平排垂挂,每行有64颗珍珠串联,这种装饰称作“五行二就”。冠后从冠檐里边下垂倒葫芦形护领,护领下端垂明黄色丝绦两条,末缀宝石。冠左右缀青色缎带。皇后夏朝冠以青绒制作,其它造型与冬朝冠相似。
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Empress court crown
 
      Empress  winter court crown was made of black fur and whose appearance is in semi-conical shape embellished a red weft and a brim around it. The crown top is similar in appearance of a pagoda, which was divided into three tiers with one oriental pearl and one phoenix decorated 3 big oriental pearls each and at each holding a big oriental pearl in the upper mouth. The red weft-knitting was embellished with 7 golden phoenixes while each phoenix was decorated with 9 oriental pearls and a catÕs eye, while there were 21 pearls on each phoenix tail. The back of the crown was decorated with golden pheasants hanging down to the pearl knot with 5 pendant strings of 64 beads, which meant wuxing erjiu (Òthe five elements, metal, wood, water, fire and earth, held by the ancient to compose the physical universeÓ and two achievements). A collar protector shaped in bottle gourd hanging down from the brim lining in the back of the crown while under the collar protector hanging down two yellow silk ribbons without any jewel decoration. The left and right sides of the crown was embellished with green ribbons. The empress summer court crown was made of blue and green cotton flannel. Other moldings are similar to that of winter court crown.

 

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清代皇后朝冠(选自《大清会典图》)

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Court crown worn by a empress of the Qing Dynasty (from Imperial Rituals and Ceremonies of the Great Qing)

 

织梦好,好织梦

 

    朝 褂

织梦好,好织梦

    皇后朝褂均为石青色,用织金缎或织金绸镶边,上绣各种纹饰。领后均垂明黄色绦,绦上缀饰珠宝。朝褂都是穿在朝袍外面,穿时胸前挂彩,领部有镂金饰宝的领约,颈挂朝珠三盘,头戴朝冠,脚踏高底鞋,非常华美。

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Court gown
 
    The empress court gowns were brimmed with gold trimming satin or gold trimming silks in azurite color. Some yellow silk ribbons embellished with jewels were hanging down from the back of the collar. The court gown was put outside of womanÕs sur-coat; beautifully matched with colored ornaments in her bosom, lingyue (ornamental engraving neckpiece), and with three strings of court pearls hanging on the neck, crown on her head and high-heel shoes.

 

织梦好,好织梦

 

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清顺治孝康章皇后像(北京故宫博物院藏) dedecms.com

The  Portrait  of  Empress  Xiaozhang  of  Emperor Shunzhi (Palace Museum, Beijing)

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  织梦好,好织梦

清乾隆皇后褂(北京故宫博物院藏)

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 The sur-coat worn by the Empress Qianlong (Palace Museum, Beijing) 内容来自dedecms

 

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朝褂(传世实物,原件现藏故宫博物院)
Court gown (Palace Museum, Beijing)
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