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明代的服饰Costumes of the[ Ming Dynasty ]中国传统服饰

时间:2017-06-18 20:45来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
明代的服饰 1368年─1644年 公元1368年,明朝建国。为重新振兴中国社会,明朝政府采取了上承周汉,下取唐宋的治国方针,对整顿和恢复礼仪极其重视,并根据汉族传统重新规定了服饰
明代的服饰Costumes of the[ Ming Dynasty ]
 

    1368年─1644年

 

 

    公元1368年,明朝建国。为重新振兴中国社会,明朝政府采取了上承周汉,下取唐宋的治国方针,对整顿和恢复礼仪极其重视,并根据汉族传统重新规定了服饰制度。在政治、经济、文化技术发展的前提之下,明代的服饰面貌仪态端庄,气度宏美,成为中国近世纪服饰艺术的典范。
 

      he Ming Dynasty replaced the Yuan in 1368. Rulers of the new dynasty spared no effort to restore the traditional style of costumes worn by the Han ethnic majority. A set of institutional rules was enforced to this effect. Garments of the Ming Dynasty, elegant in style and beautiful in design, are rated as exemplary of ChinaÕs traditional costumes art.

 

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戴凤冠的明代贵妃(明人《朱夫人像》)

Portrait of a Ming Dynasty imperial concubine with a phoenix coronet on

 

 

    皇帝服饰

    明代皇帝的日常服装是龙袍,上面绣着龙纹、翟纹和十二章纹,一般以黄色纱罗制成,配金冠。皇帝礼服则仍保持上衣下裳的古制,由玄衣、纁裳、白罗大带、黄蔽膝、素纱中单、赤舄等组成。玄衣肩部织日、月、龙纹,背部织星辰、山纹,袖部织火、华虫、宗彝纹,领、袖口、衣襟侧边、裾都是本色。纁裳织藻、粉米、黻、黼纹。
 

Imperial costumes
 
      Daily wear for emperors of the Ming Dynasty consists of a bright yellow silk robe with patterns of the dragon and the 12 patterns of the pre-Qin period, and a hat of gold wires. The sleeves are decorated with patterns in the shape of sacrificial vessels, while the original colors of the materials are retained for the collar, cuffs and hems of the front. Embroidered patterns on the red light dress are modeled after patterns on sacrificial dresses left over from the preceding dynasties.

 

 

 

 

 

金冠(北京定陵出土实物)

Gold crown unearthed from a Ming Dynasty imperial mausoleum in Beijing

 

 

 

戴乌纱折上巾、穿盘领、窄袖、绣龙袍的皇帝(南薰殿旧藏《历代帝王像》)
Portrait of a Ming emperor
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