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明代的服饰Costumes of the[ Ming Dynasty ]中国传统服饰(3)

时间:2017-06-18 20:45来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
凤 冠 明代凤冠以金、银、铜等金属丝网为胎,衬以罗纱,并挂有珠宝流苏,它有两种基本形式:一种是后妃所戴的礼冠,上缀点翠凤凰、龙等装饰,龙凤

    凤 冠

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    明代凤冠以金、银、铜等金属丝网为胎,衬以罗纱,并挂有珠宝流苏,它有两种基本形式:一种是后妃所戴的礼冠,上缀点翠凤凰、龙等装饰,龙凤嘴中常衔着珠花,下垂至肩;另一种是普通命妇所戴的彩冠,上面不缀龙凤,仅缀珠翟、花钗等,但习惯上也称它为凤冠。
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Coronets
 
      Coronets of the Ming Dynasty have skeletons made of gold, silver or copper wires, which are covered with neatly cut silk pieces, with tassels of pearls hanging from them. Those  meant  for  the  emperorsÕ wives  and  concubines  have ornaments  in  the  shape  of  the phoenix  and  dragon  with  pearl flowers  in  their  mouths.  Those meant for noble women outside the imperial family do not have such ornaments. They are decorated just with hairpins and jewels.

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龙凤珠翠冠(北京定陵出土实物)

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Dragon-phoenix coronet for an empress unearthed from a Ming Dynasty imperial mausoleum in Beijing

 

dedecms.com

 

 

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凤冠(湖北蕲春蕲州明刘娘井墓出土) 织梦内容管理系统

Phoenix coronet of the Ming Dynasty

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    霞帔

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    霞帔是一种帔子,因为被人们比喻成美丽的彩霞,所以有了“霞帔”之称。它的形状象两条彩练,绕过头颈,披挂在胸前,下垂一颗金玉坠子。霞帔的纹样随品级的差别而有不同的装饰:一品、二品命妇霞帔,用蹙金绣云霞翟鸟纹。三品、四品霞帔,绣云霞孔雀纹。五品霞帔,绣云霞鸳鸯纹等。
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Capes
 
    Embroidered tasseled capes were meant for women who had been given titles of honor by the emperor. Capes for such women of the top two grades have patterns of clouds in morning glow and legendary birds. For  those  of  the  next  two  grades,  patterns  have peacocks in clouds and morning glow. Morning glow plus Mandarin ducks feature patterns on capes for noble women of the fifth grade.

 

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戴凤冠、穿霞帔的明朝皇后(南薰殿旧藏《历代帝后像》) 

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Portrait of a Ming empress

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明《中东宫冠服》所绘大衫凤纹霞帔正面/背面

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The  front/back  of  a  cape  pictured  in  the  Album  of Costumes  for  Empresses  and  Imperial  Concubines compiled in the Ming Dynasty

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