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明代的服饰Costumes of the[ Ming Dynasty ]中国传统服饰(6)

时间:2017-06-18 20:45来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
补 子 明代官服上最有特色的装饰就是补子。所谓补子,就是在官服的胸前和后背补上一块表示职别和官阶的标志性图案,补子一般长34厘米,宽36.5厘米,

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    明代官服上最有特色的装饰就是补子。所谓补子,就是在官服的胸前和后背补上一块表示职别和官阶的标志性图案,补子一般长34厘米,宽36.5厘米,上面织有禽兽两种图案:文官一品用仙鹤,二品用锦鸡,三品用孔雀,四品用云雁,五品用白鹇,六品用鹭鸶,七品用鸂鶒,八品用黄鹂,九品用鹌鹑,杂职用练鹊;武官一品二品用狮子,三品四品用虎豹,五品用熊罴,六品七品用彪,八品用犀牛,九品用海马。
 

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Bu zi
       Bu zi  _  embroidered pieces attached to the chest and back of gowns worn by officials  _ were meant to indicate the wearersÕ ranks. Ab u zi piece normally measured 34cm long and 36.5cm wide, on which animal designs were embroidered for military officials and bird designs for civil officials. Here are the bird designs for civil officials of different grades: crane for the top grade; golden pheasant, the second; peacock, the third; wild goose, the fourth; silver pheasant, the fifth; egret, the sixth; xi chi (a legendary water fowl), the seventh; oriole, the eighth; and quail, the ninth. Officials with ranks lower than the ninth grade had bu zi with patterns of long-tailed flycatcher. Animals on bu zi for military officials were as follows: lion for the first and second grades; tiger and leopard for the third and fourth grades; bear for the fifth; young tiger, for the sixth and seventh; rhino for the eighth; and sea horse, for the ninth. Bu zi of thin silk cloth for a sixth grade civil official of the early Ming Dynasty
 
 

 

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明万历灯笼景刺绣圆补,私人收藏
Bu zi  cloth for an official under Emperor Wan Li of the Ming Dynasty

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穿斗牛服的明邢玠夫妇像
Portrait of a Ming couple

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明早期六品文官鹭鸶纹缂丝方补

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明中期织锦斗牛纹补,私人收藏

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 Bu zi cloth of the mid-Ming Dynasty in a private collection
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明初编绣龙纹方补,私人收藏 copyright dedecms

Bu zi cloth of the early Ming Dynasty Portrait of a Ming couple

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