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先秦的服饰Costumes before the [Qin Dynasty]中国传统服饰(2)

时间:2017-06-10 20:04来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
冕 冠 中国的皇帝,又称天子,意思是上天之子,代表天的旨意。冕冠就是这种君权神授的象征。它是在一个圆筒式的帽卷上面,覆盖一块木制的冕板。冕

    冕 冠 【服装学习网fuzhuangxuexi.cn]

    中国的皇帝,又称“天子”,意思是“上天之子”,代表天的旨意。冕冠就是这种君权神授的象征。它是在一个圆筒式的帽卷上面,覆盖一块木制的冕板。冕板前圆后方,象征中国古人认为的天圆地方;冕板上面涂青黑色,下面涂黄赤色,象征天玄地黄;用五彩的丝绳把玉珠串起来,挂在冕板的前后,象征岁月流转;用丝棉做成球饰,垂挂在耳边,提醒君王不能听信谗言。天子的冕冠戴在头上时要前低后高,象征“天子”对百姓的关怀,这也是“冕”字的本意。
 

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The crown
 
        Chinese emperors invariably called themselves Tian zi, or the ÒSon of HeavenÓ, claiming that they were divine-mandated to reign supreme. Imperial crowns were therefore designed to symbolize this divine right.
 
        A typical imperial crown in existence before the Qin Dynasty looks like a cylinder with a rectangle plate on the top. The front of the plate is round and the rear part is neat, highlighting the ancient belief that Heaven is round and Earth, square. The upper side of the plate is painted bluish black, the color of Heaven, and the lower side is painted reddish yellow, the color of Earth. Tassels of jade beads hang from  the  front  and  rare  ends  of  the  plate, symbolizing changes of the universe. Hanging from the left and right sides of plate are silk ribbons, supposedly to remind the emperor of the need to be on guard against slanderous talks. When worn, the crown bends a little downward, symbolizing care extended by the emperor to his subjects.

 

【摘自fuzhuangxuexi.cn】

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冕冠图Imperial crown
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