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先秦的服饰Costumes before the [Qin Dynasty]中国传统服饰(6)

时间:2017-06-10 20:04来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
笄 笄主要是用来固定发髻和冠帽的,材料使用骨、蚌、玉、铜、银、金等,上面也常有绿松石做装饰。中国古代女子年满15周岁就算成人了,可以订婚,届

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    笄主要是用来固定发髻和冠帽的,材料使用骨、蚌、玉、铜、银、金等,上面也常有绿松石做装饰。中国古代女子年满15周岁就算成人了,可以订婚,届时要举行“笄礼”,由一个已婚女子给适龄的女子梳一个发髻,插上一支笄,礼仪结束后再将笄取下;如果没有订婚,女子在20岁时也要举行“笄礼”。笄是中国古代极其重要的头饰,上面常刻有鸳鸯或几何纹装饰,后来演化成了簪。
 

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  Jis, or hairpins
 
      Jis, or hairpins, left over from the pre-Qin period are made of animal bones, shells, bronze, silver or gold, often with calaite beads inlaid. In ancient China, a girl at 15 was  considered  as  having  reached  adulthood  and therefore as eligible for marriage. At a ceremony for the occasion, a married woman would comb the girlÕs hair into a bun and then conditioned the bun with a hairpin. The hairpin was to be removed after the ceremony. The same ceremony would be held again if the girl, at 20, was still not betrothed. As important hair ornaments, ancient jis are often inscribed with auspicious patterns _  for example, of the Chinese Mandarin duck, the symbol of love.

 

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商代骨笄(传世实物,原件现藏上海博物馆)Hairpins made of animal bones (Shanghai Museum)

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商代笄饰男女(河南安阳殷墟妇好墓出土玉人)

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Jade figurines of man and woman with hairpins
(unearthed from a Shang tomb in Anyang, Henan)


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