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独龙族 The Dulong (Drung) Nationality

时间:2017-04-10 15:41来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
The Dulong (Drung) Nationality The Dulong nationality has a population of over 5, O00 people, mainly found in the Gongshan Dulong Autonomous County of the Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture in Yunnan Province. They have their own spoken lan

The Dulong (Drung) Nationality


    The Dulong nationality has a population of over 5, O00 people, mainly found in the Gongshan Dulong Autonomous County of the Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture in Yunnan Province. They have their own spoken language, which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman group of the Sino-Tibetan language family, but no written form. They are chiefly involved in agriculture, but retain their fishing tradition too. They attach great importance to their standing in the community and keeping their words is a moral imperative. To this day they have maintained their local custom of "locking no doors and taking no lost items."
    The Dulong Gorge is a magical place to people outside. Straight fir and dense pine trees cover both banks of the winding river. Here in the shade, various rare birds, animals and valuable raw materials for drugs are found. However, as soon as the Moliwang pass of the Gaoligong Mountain is blocked by heavy snow every October, the whole gorge is locked in winter stillness, awaiting the early return of spring. 【服装学习网fuzhuangxuexi.cn]
    The Dulong River starts in Cayu County in snow-covered Tibet and runs to the west of the Gaoligong Mountain in Yunnan Province. There it rushes and roars down the high mountain ridges and forms the spectacular Dulong Gorge along part of the Sino-Burman border. People living on both sides of the Dulong River believe that they are sustained by its water, so they name themselves the Dulongs after it.
    The Dulongs living by the river have built their lives round the gorge. Villages of all sizes are on the steep mountain slopes and along the river. Their houses are often two-storied wooden buildings with a ladder to go up and down. People live on the second story and their livestock is kept downstairs. Each hearth in the house symbolizes one little family unit – married sons and daughters don't separate from their parents; they just set up a new hearth in the house.
    The Dulongs have a varied diet. Different grains provide the staple, and they also enjoy all sorts of wild game of the mountain. They are good at catching fish in the rushing current of the Dulong River, too.

    Dulong tapestries can be seen everywhere as house decorations. They are woven by hand with colorful threads spun from cotton and flax, and are soft and well designed. Cloaks made of these beautiful tapestries have become their unique traditional costume. Dulong men like to carry hunting tools such as a cross-bow, quiver and chopper because hunting has always supplemented their income in the past.The women like to wear long-sleeved upper clothes and long skirts. They sometimes tie a flower-patterned linen apron around the waist. Their leg wrappings are also made of linen cut in strips.
    In the past, girls aged 12 or 13 were tattooed in the face to show that they had come of age. It was said that the tattoo design of a beautiful butterfly was chosen because the souls of the deceased turned into butterflies. Whilst these beautiful insects hovered over the gorge, the Dulong girls pierced their faces with indelible butterflies using bamboo needles and indigo ink.


    Their relatively closed natural environment has enabled the Dulongs to maintain their old imple folkways through the centuries. "Respecting the old and protecting the young" and "living in harmony" is not at all empty talk for the Dulongs. Wild game caught must be divided equally and it is shameful for one person to enjoy it alone. If one family is in difficulty, all their neighbors will come to help without being asked.
    The Dulongs are known for being as good as their word. They never lock their doors when they go out. They store the harvested grain on slopes far away from home. In order to lighten the burden when they trudge over long distances, they usually hang their haversacks for the return journey from the branch of a tree. No one will touch others' belongings. "Everything has a owner, and never pick up someone else's lost property on the road" are admirable traditions the Dulongs have kept.
    The Dulongs love singing and dancing. Perhaps because the hunters in the depth of the mountains used to feel lonely, or maybe because their young wives in the wooden buildings missed them too much, the Dulongs got used to expressing their innermost feelings through a string instrument called the "Mangguo." This can be played solo or in unison, and the music is soft and sweet. There is also a special dance to go with it. [本文来自服装学习网fuzhuangxuexi.cn]
    Their annual traditional holiday is called "Kacuiwa." It is held on a lucky day chosen from the last month of the year by eiders in the villages. After worshipping the mountain gods comes the festive joyful "bull-robbing banquet." As the gongs and drums resound to the skies, everyone starts to sing and dance. Kacuiwa used to be a rite performed to celebrate victory, but now it has become a festival when the whole valley is caught up in joy and fun.
    The Dulong Gorge is steep and cruel,but it is also beautiful and gentle. Now when groups of their young people travel beyond its rough mountain paths,when butterfly tattoos have disappearedfrom the Dulong girls' faces, their ancient gorge too is quietly undergoing changes. Once so faraway, the Dulong Gorge and stories of the hard life there are coming closer to us day by day.
民 族 概 况






  讲究信用、遵守诺言是他们的道德传统,历史上,独龙族被誉为不用锁门的民族,他们始终保持着“路不拾遗,夜不闭户”的古老而纯朴的社会风尚。 [本文来自服装学习网fuzhuangxuexi.cn]







  独龙族人的食物丰富多彩。他们虽然以谷类为主食,但对各种山珍野味情有独钟,特别喜欢吃含有丰富淀粉的野生植物。从一种被称作“四维”的董棕树芯里挖出的董棕粉制作的食物是独龙族人最喜爱吃的食物,也是招待来宾以示热情友好的佳肴。 [本文来自服装学习网fuzhuangxuexi.cn]

  独龙毯作为装饰品在独龙族人家里随处可见。这种以棉麻为原料、用五彩线手工织成的工艺品,质地柔软,古朴典雅,既可美化生活,又是当地重要的经济来源。独龙毯是独龙族人民生活的必需品,白天当披风,夜晚当被,同时又是青年男女恋爱的信物,还可缝成口袋运粮盛物。精美的独龙毯已成为独龙族男子特有的传统服饰。独龙族妇女穿长袖上衣和长裙,有 时也围一件花色麻布围裙,小腿上裹麻布带绑腿。 [本文来自服装学习网fuzhuangxuexi.cn]







  独龙族地区的资源十分丰富,还有多种珍贵植物被列为国家重点保护对象。这里还是大理石矿的密集地,彩色大理石“贡翠”是天然的大理石珍品。 [本文来自服装学习网fuzhuangxuexi.cn]

  (内容出自雅嘎热、韦鹏飞、祁崇海等编著的《中华各民族》一书。) [本文来自服装学习网fuzhuangxuexi.cn]


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