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珞巴族 The Lhoba Nationality

时间:2017-04-13 06:38来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
The Lhoba Nationality The Lhobas mainly inhabit the Lhoyu area in southeastern Tibet, with an investigated population of 2, 300. They have their own language, which belongs to the Tiheto-Burman group. They dont have a written form, and thei

The Lhoba Nationality

    The Lhobas mainly inhabit the Lhoyu area in southeastern Tibet, with an investigated population of 2, 300. They have their own language, which belongs to the Tiheto-Burman group. They don't have a written form, and their dialects vary greatly from tribe to tribe.Some people can speak and write in Tibetan. Their main occupation is farming, but hunting and gathering provide a considerable portion of their livelihood. They traditionally believe in primitive religion and Tibetan Buddhism.
    Lhoyu, a fabulous land of 70,000 square kilometers, is the ancient home of the Lhobas. It is located at the southern foot of the Himalayas eastern end, stretching south from the mysterious high Nanjiabawa Mountain to the Assam Plain in India.
    Lhoba is what Tibetans call the people living in Lhoyu. It means "southerners" and includes many different tribes such as Bogaer, Ningbo, Adi, Tajin. 织梦内容管理系统
    The Lhobas living in the rural district of Nayu, Milin County, along the northern slope of the Himalayas belong to the Bogaer tribe. They moved from Manigan district dozens of years ago, and they still lead a traditional life here. They customarily live in blockhouses made of stone and wood which are solid, durable and protective. They often paint various auspicious patterns on their doors and walls in the house. Animal heads hanging on the walls are not only a symbol of wealth but also a display of their hunting skill.
    They have always lived on corn and Jizhua rice, most often roasted. However, they are presently accustomed to the Tibetan diet: eating Zamba made of highland barley and drinking butter tea.
    In Nayu area, the Lhobas' clothing style is particularly practical. They make their clothes mainly from plant fabric and animal skin. Men usually wear homemade sheepskin coats or long Tibetan pulu robes, over which a black vest called Namu is pulled. They wear a brimmed bearskin hat. The brim is wrapped with a ring of bear fur, and hanging at the back is a patch of bearskin with eyeholes. The hat is said to be capable of confusing the fowls when they go hunting. dedecms.com
    The women like to wear little collarless short-sleeved garments woven with flax together with close-fitting knee-length skirts and ankle leggings.
    Both men and women like to wear ornaments. They grind a bluish stone into beads, and hang them around their necks. Every adult has several strings of the beads. Some people wear dozens of strings on festivals.
    In the past, due to the scarcity of farm land and relatively low levels of production skills, their agricultural harvest was too meager to meet their year round needs. Consequently, hunting became an important part of their economic activities. During the off-seasons, groups of Lhoba men often went hunting in the mountains. They have learned many ways to trap game and fowl, and use poisoned arrows to deal with big fierce animals they encounter. Hunting in the dense wild forests is, in any case, a dangerous and adventurous job for every hunter. It is in fact a grave challenge on their virility.


    Perhaps because they do not have a written language, or perhaps because the magical Himalayas have given them unending artistic inspiration, they have created a rich oral literature.An ancient ode Creation of the World , so desolate and forceful, has been passed on from generation to generation. Various touching love songs are always the best way for young men and women to express their love. And the lively and melodious flute tunes seem to present eternal eulogy to their beautiful homeland.
    Low production levels and contingency in hunting make the Lhobas highly dependent on nature. In their religious belief in which nature is worshipped, sky, mountain, water, tree,wind, rain and thunder are all endowed with human intelligence, and they communicate with humans through wizards and witches. For thousands of years, the Lhobas have gained food and fortune from nature and they pay homage to nature through pious worship. In a way,they have identified their spiritual belief with the high mountains and deep valleys of the Himalayas. dedecms.com
    Now when another spring comes around quietly to Lhoha villages in the depth of the mountains, many beautiful government funded houses have already risen above the ground. Village schools have also been constructed to promote their educational levels. A brighter future is unfolding before every Lhoba's eyes.

民 族 概 况




  珞巴族的语言属汉藏语系藏缅语族,各地方言差别大,没有本民族文字。解放前,只有极少数人通晓藏语和藏文,通常以刻木、结绳记事。 织梦内容管理系统




  珞巴族主要从事农业。采集和打猎在生产和生活中也占相当的比重。 dedecms.com


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  珞巴族的服饰充分体现着粗犷豪放的风格,野生植物纤维和兽皮是他们服装的主要原料。男子一般穿自制的羊皮上衣或藏式氆氇长袍,外罩称为"纳木"的黑色套头大坎肩,戴熊皮压制的有沿盔帽,帽沿上套一个带毛的熊皮圈,毛向四周伸张,帽后缀一块梯形带眼窝的熊皮,据说这种装扮在围猎时能起到迷惑猎物的作用。妇女们则喜欢穿麻布织的对襟无领短袖上衣,下身穿过膝的紧身筒裙,小腿裹上裹腿。珞巴族男女都喜爱佩带装饰品。他们颈上的串珠,是用一种青蓝色的石料磨制而成的,每个成年人都有几串,盛装时可佩戴几十串。在长期的发展过程中,珞巴人形成了赞美和歌颂力量与勇敢的审美观念,这种审美观念突出地表现在他们的服饰上。 dedecms.com







  每年庄稼收获后,珞巴族都要举行近两天的丰收节,叫作昂德林节。节日期间全村男女身穿盛装,各家端出准备好的美酒,共享节日食品。 本文来自织梦




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